Saturday, January 28, 2012

1C Opening Responses and 3rd/4th seat modifications


1.1.1.  Basic Responses


The key to my system is transfers for the minor suit responses and an inversion of the major suit responses. Here is my solution. The responses to 1♣: 1, 1♠, 1NT, 2♣, are now positive transfer responses showing a 5+ minor suit and some 4 card majors as well as 5+ card majors, 8+ HCP and GF in Spades, Hearts, Clubs and Diamonds respectively. These transfers will save a level of bidding for Spades but not over Hearts. If a fit is found and then can use 30/14 ask at a low level followed by cue bidding. Over a minor suit response the space saving is used to show balanced hand at the lowest level(with 2 of the minor shown), while 2NT is used for 30/14 which is still low. This is half a level higher than a normal NT response, but you can define the HCP range and obtain exact distribution.  Do not be afraid to upgrade to a positive response with an A and K in your long suits. The bid of 2shows 8-13 HCP balanced, not hands with two 4-card suits including a major, maybe a weak 5 card minor with 8-10 HCP. The 2/2♠ is used as a constructive pre-empt. The bid of 2NT shows 14+ HCP flat (no 5 card suit), uses Baron and is forcing to 4NT or 5 of a suit. The bids from 3♣ to 4 all show unnamed solid suits(including a minor or major suit) or good transfer pre-empts.

1♣:  16+ HCP(less with strong suit or suits) (17+ balanced also usually not 19-21 or 29-30 HCP balanced). Responses: 
               1: 0-7 HCP artificial F1
               1: 4+ Spades 8+ HCP GF, if 4-card suit has 4h432 dist.(9-13 HCP) or 4h441
               1♠: 4+ Hearts 8+ HCP GF, if 4-card suit has 4s432 dist.(9-13 HCP) or 4s441
               1NT: 5+ Clubs 8+ HCP GF
               2♣: 5+ Diamonds 8+ HCP GF
               2: 8-13 HCP balanced (4333) or (32)44 dist. or 9-11 HCP with weak 5 card minor
               2: 4-7 HCP 6 decent Hearts NF not AK 
               2♠: 4-7 HCP 6 decent Spades NF not AK♠
               2NT: 14+ HCP with flat hand, no 5 card suits GF
               3♣: A Solid 6 card suit with AKQJ GF with/wo outside controls GF
               3: A Solid 7/8 card major suit with AKQ with/wo outside control GF
               3: 7/8 card Club pre-empt, 5-10 HCP with good Clubs but not AK
               3♠: 7/8 card Diamond pre-empt, 5-10 HCP with good Diamonds but not AK
               3NT: A Solid 7/8 carder minor suit with AKQ with/wo outside control GF 
               4♣: 7/8 Hearts, 5-8 HCP, with good Hearts, but not AK at most 2 J's or a Q outside
               4: 7/8 Spades, 5-8 HCP, with good Spades, but not AK at most 2 J's or a Q outside
 
With a positive response (8+ HCP) show your longest 5 (or some 4 card majors) card or longer suit by transferring to a minor or for a major suit bid one of other major. With two suits of equal length of at least 5 card suits show the higher ranking suit regardless of strength. Some balanced hands(8-13 HCP 4M432 dis.) with only 4 of the major 1 of the other major are bid, with a major suit contract possible. 4333 hands are included in 2 as they are not suitable for a suit contract lacking ruffing potential. For (4441) hands of any strength you show a 4 card major, avoiding using multiple bids to describe 4441 hands. With a 5 card minor and a 4 card major transfer to the minor.
 
Constructive 6 card major suit pre-empts are bid 2or 2♠. They have 4-7 HCP with the majority of HCP in the pre-empt suit.
 
With constructive or solid pre-emptive responses suit quality is paramount, two of the top 4 honors are needed for a constructive pre-empt, namely QJxxxxx is the minimum acceptable strength. Also, you can have too good trump for a constructive bid, having AK would be too strong, make a positive response in the suit instead. The strength of the hand is 5-10 HCP for minor suits and 5-9 HCP for major suits. For solid suit pre-empts you must have at least AKQ for 7+ card suits and AKQJ for 6 card suit, no exceptions are permitted.
 
All negative responses make a 1 bid. This exclude hands which can make a constructive response and hands with an A and K in their long suits. So, a negative bid include most hands with 0-7 HCP.
 
Would respond 1: 0-7 HCP artificial with:
§ K43  75  KJ942 ♠ T43
§ 743  void  T632 ♠ AJT94 even with good majors respond 1 not worth an upgrade
§ QJ43  J865  K873 ♠ 6
§ 5432  432  432 ♠ 432 no matter how bad your hand in you must respond
 
Would respond 1: 4+ Spades 8+ HCP GF:
§ 3  AJT  AKJ9 ♠ 76543 despite poor ♠ holding this is a positive response with Spades
§ 9  AQJT9  K8 ♠ 98765 with 2 5-card suits show the higher suit (Spades) first
§ 52  T32  8 ♠ AKT8632 with suit headed by AK upgrade do not do a constructive pre-emptive response
§ A95 76  Q863 ♠ QJ73 with 2 4-card majors show Spades
 
Would respond 1♠: 4+ Hearts 8+ HCP GF with:
§ T6  K42  AKJ64 ♠ 963 with balanced hands you still show 5-card heart suit
§ 3  JT5  76543 ♠ AKJ9 despite poor  holding this is a positive response with Hearts
§ AT95  Q973  Q863 ♠ 8 1444 hand there is no upper limit for this hand
 
Would respond 1NT: 5+ Clubs 8+ HCP GF with:
§ KQJ93  QT5  43 ♠ Q92 Balanced minimum response 1N with good Clubs
§ AQJT93  void  43 ♠ AQJ92 even with 5 Spades respond with 1NT having 6 Clubs
 
Would respond 2♣: 5+ Diamonds 8+ HCP GF with:
§ QT5  KQJ93  A3 ♠ Q92 5d-3-3-2 with 14+ HCP respond 2♣ 
§ AQJT93  AQJ92  43 ♠ void 6-5 minor 2-suiter shows longer minor
 
Would respond 2:  8-13 HCP flat (no 5 card suit no 4 card major but for (43)33 GF)
§ KT3  A986  Q54 ♠ KJ3 maximum balanced 
§ 9654  K432  KJ ♠ A63 a response with 2 4 card minors
§ QT  J972  K843 ♠ K73 a pretty average response but has a 4 card major 3433 dist.
§ K942  A76  J43 ♠ J65 minimum but a box shape
               
Would respond 2/2♠: decent 6 card suit 4-7 HCP NF with:
§ T32  654  9 ♠ KJ9753 a minimum 2♠ response with a singleton
§ 5  974  AQJ864 ♠ 963 a maximum 2 bid with a singleton
but not § 9  874  763 ♠ AK9432 upgrade AK to 1(Spades) do not respond 2♠
 
Would respond 2NT: 14+ HCP balanced with flat hand GF
§ KT3  AQ96  K85 ♠ Q43 a minimum flat hand, no 5-card suits allowed
§ T3  A96  AK85 ♠ KQ75 2 4-card majors respond 2NT also
 
Would respond 3♣: A Solid 6 card suit with AKQJ GF with/wo outside controls with:
§ K2  986  AKQJ85 ♠ K5 max solid major is ok, must have J, outside control max A or KK
§ AKQJ85  986  62 ♠ 74 solid minor ok, no outside controls ok
 
Would respond 3: A Solid 7/8 card major suit with AKQ with/wo outside control GF with:
§ 6  642  AKQ6542 ♠ 92 a minimum Solid Heart hand
§ 5  953 A5 ♠ AKQ6542 a maximum Solid Spades allowed upto an A or 2 Kings outside
 
Would respond 3: 7/8 card Club pre-empt, 5-10 HCP with good Clubs not AK and no outside A.K with:
§ AQJ7652  J53 Q5 ♠ 5 A maximum Club pre-empt, this good shouldn’t have 8 cards
§ QJT76542  Q73 64 ♠ 8 A minimum Club pre-empt
§ KQ765432  432  72 ♠ void A Club pre-empt with 8 Clubs
 
Would respond 3♠: 7/8 card Diamond pre-empt, 5-10 HCP with good Diamonds with:
§ Q53  KQJ7652 Q5 ♠ 5 A maximum Diamond pre-empt, this good shouldn’t have 8 cards
§ 64  QJT76542 Q73 ♠ 8 A minimum Diamond pre-empt
§ 432  KQ765432  72 ♠ void A Diamond pre-empt with 8 Diamonds
 
Would respond 3NT: A Solid 7/8 carder minor suit with AKQ w/wo outside control GF with:
§ AKQ6542  642  3 ♠ 92 a minimum holding with solid Clubs
§ 5  AKQ6542 K5 ♠ K42 a maximum Solid Diamonds with up to an A or 2 K's outside
 
Would respond 4♣: 7/8 Hearts, 5-9 HCP, good Hearts, but not AK at most 2 J's or a Q outside with:
§ 43  Q42  QJT6543 ♠ 2 a minimum Heart pre-empt
§ 43  Q42  AQJ86543 ♠ void a maximum Heart pre-empt, can’t have AK of Hearts(which would be a positive response)
 
Would respond 4: 7/8 Spades, 5-9 HCP, good Spades, but not AK at most 2 J's or a Q outside with:
This is same as 4♣: but with Spades
§ 43  Q42  2 ♠ QJT6543 a minimum Spade pre-empt
§ 43  Q42  void ♠ AQJ86543 a maximum Spade pre-empt, cannot have AK of Spade(which would be a positive response)

 

1.1.       Responses to a 3rd or 4th seat 1C opening

It makes some sense to have 1♣ show more points in 3rd and 4th seat as partner will most likely have less than 12 HCP. In general most responses and follow-ups require 2 HCP less and have their maximum reduced by 2HP or to 10(11) HCP. The sequences 1§-1-1and 1§-1-1ª requires the most attention. Opener still jumps with 22+ HCP. SAB is no longer used as responder can't have good 11+ HCP. Instead responder is asked about trump support. Responses to 1are:
1: 0-6 HCP artificial F1
1:4+ Spades 7-10(11) HCP GF but not 4333 dist.
1♠: 4+ Hearts 7-10(11) HCP GF but not 3433 dist.
1NT: 5+ Clubs 7-10(11) HCP GF needs decent Clubs if 7-9 HCP 5c332
2♣: 5+ Diamonds 7-10(11) HCP GF needs decent Diamonds if 7-9 HCP 5d332
2: 7-10(11) HCP GF balanced and either (4333) or (32)44 dist. or 7-9 HCP and a weak 5 card minor GF
2: 3-6 HCP decent 6 card suit
2♠: 3-6 HCP decent 6 card suit 
2NT: 4-6 HCP transfer to Clubs showing a 7 card suit
3♣: 4-6 HCP transfer to Diamonds showing a 7 card suit
3: 4-6 HCP transfer showing a 7 card Heart suit
3: 4-6 HCP transfer showing a 7 card Spade suit
Higher bids have no meaning as would have opened in 1st and 2nd seat with those hands.

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